Monday, May 25, 2020
Women Rights Movement in Argentina Current research is examining the main purpose and objectives of the women rights movement in Argentina. Moreover, the detailed conceptualization of the crucial principles is described through the prism of the thorough analysis of the literature resources and includes the explanation of the various aspects that have conditioned its foundation. In addition, the investigation includes a wide specter of instances that are articulated by the historical, cultural and human factors that influenced women rights movement appearance. The case of Argentina becomes a centralized example of feminist achievements. The Universal Declaration of Human rights, adopted by the United Nations was a great promotion of understanding the phenomenon of freedom. Therefore, it is necessary to underscore the fact that they believed that the ideal of equal rights should be applied internationally (Walter, 19). As a result, this declaration (1948) did not prove its initial goal and the United Nations adopted another Convention in 1979. This document stressed that women are not equal with men because of the motherhood factor that can easily affect the employment issue and become a burden of female realization that required special attention (article 11 of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Woman). The CEDAW document has become an extremely significant challenge to the world community and provoked the awakening of the new force around the world. The universal rights paradigm had to become practicable, but the interpretation of it was obsolete. The Globalization processes have rapidly spread through the world and involved the modernization of moral values standards. For instance, Denmark female population had more privileges and rights in comparison with other European countries. The entry into the European Union was a great step on the way to overcome the stability and improve the system of national governance and economy. Fortunately, the fears of women to lose their freedom did not materialize. Thus, the globalization has opened gates of employment to the female. Transnational corporations offered a wide range of working places for women and made the national sovereignty weaker to resist their policy (Walter, 21). The Third World countries gained a chance to influence their welfare. The lack of economic options hindered the development of the women individuals. On the one hand, transnational corporations empowered them with the ability to work and to have own choice of controlling the personal budget, but, on the other h and, they were put under abusive working conditions in order to have their share in the society (Walter, 21). Although, the internalization of the women rights movement has gradually developed around the world, but there is still a controversy that claims this concept to infringe upon different cultural values and religion factor. The unique instance is Indian women protest against dowry issue. They assert that dowry in their society has become a problem because husbands may only take a marriage to get a financial benefit and later kill their brides (Walter, 22). The phenomenon of domestic violence is also a complexity that has been observed in other countries. Dowry deaths are the bright example of the universal women rights violation and should be eliminated from cultural practice of India and other countries, which have obsolete traditions. This statement includes a number of Arab and African countries because of their well-known reputation to ignore the universal behavioral norms. Argentina is a state that has relatively high level of life standard, but, it is important to emphasize that, approximately 25 percent live in poverty according to Lyn Walter research that poses the question of this factor as a general leverage of women welfare problematic solution. Considering the historical retrospective analysis of Argentina, it is necessary to point that in 1852 the female rights issue was not even mentioned or discussed at all (Walter, 2). The peculiar fact was that married woman could not administer her property or to be a witness without a permission of her husband. In 1896, the socialist party supported the specific measures, which protected women rights. They took care of the working issue of mothers and forbade a multitude of practices that endangered motherhood. Furthermore, the program of 1907 proclaimed that women can vote and have the equal salary to men. It was the real advance of the regulations and practices for that time. Carliona Muzilli Gabriela Laperriere de Coni and other famous feminists of that period wrote the newspaper referred to the working conditions report section describing woman and children working conditions (Walter, 4). Accompanied by other feminists they have created the Centro Socialista Feminino group that was primarily focused on educational lectures for women (Walter, 4). The XX century beginning was a difficult period for Argentina because of the growing debate on the issue of a landowning aristocracy to control the problem of the immigrants (especially the prostitutes of European origin) and working-class female and children health policy problematic resolution and amelioration (Walter, 4). A chaos took over the system and it was a tangled task to complete. Finally, the Law 11.317 was implemented in 1924 and it has regulated the issue of eight-hour work for the woman, workbook demand and forbade the pregnancy to be a reason for firing (Walter, 4). However, the society was not reluctant to abide such rules, but these norms were partially incorporated into the general order. Hence, the women were not assumed to be children with limited abilities or intelligence as they were treated in XIX century. Cecilia Grierson was one of the ArgentinaÃ¢â¬â¢s first feminist who had higher education and attended the meeting of International Council for Woman in London. She made every possible effort to found the National Council for Woman in her country, but, unfortunately, she was not able to make it a suffragist organization (Walter, 5). Thus, she managed to build a great philanthropic organization, which supported an educational idea and process for women in Argentina. It was a big achievement to criticize the subordination and to break the silence of issues that deserved to be opened to the public. The XX century feminists were only a small group of the brave personalities who wanted to boost the perspectives baked for next generations. 1910, Cecilia GriersonÃ¢â¬â¢s organization held the First International Feminine Congress in Buenos Aires. The raised the problematic of female legal status, education necessity, suffrage and other (Walter, 5). The case of Argentina women rights movement history is, probably the most successful example of the progress in this field. They have made a great input in democratization processes and took the persuasive position in the promotion of their concept. The Peronist party government had absolutely supported and granted female their full political rights (Walter, 1). Madres de Plaza de Mayo group did every possible effort to enhance the democratization of their country and to protest the horrible fact of the children disappearance in Argentina (Walter, 1). After 1983, the feminist movement was literally unleashed and occupied of political, economic and legal spheres. They strived to ratify the women rights convention of the United Nations and assailed their opponents with the perfectly logical initiatives. The rapid modernization facilitated the negative consequences and results possibility that served a key to evolving new positions according to the obsolete regime and stereotypical order that prosecuted female for their will to be free. There were literally no borders of sympathy or understanding and women had to create a safety barrier for themselves. Furthermore, there was no need to put the cart before the horse in defending of actual inevitability that leads to the contemporary globalized democracy. Consequently, all of the limited traditions and principles were replaced with the new standards and it became a merit of courageous female individuals who broke the clichÃ ©. Finally, this research introduces an analysis of the movement for women rights through the multitude of instances describes in Lynn Walter work. Moreover, the historic retrospective correlations fill this investigation with a specific thoughtful approach that reveals real conditions of the movement formation. In addition, the clear structural scheme of the informational examination becomes a basis for the general awareness in the current case. The evaluation of measures taken by the feminist movement in Argentina deduces that it was, probably, the most successful organization to protect women rights, according to their achievements in the difficult time and regime realities.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Machiavelli and Socrates are two of the most prominent philosophers of history. Each men are characterized by developing distinct schools of thought regarding individual rights and statehood. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince is a manual for rulers: lessons based on empirical observations of history. In The Apology written by Plato, Socrates delivers a justification to an Athenian court. It is not so much an apology for his accused actions, but an oration of his personal beliefs regarding free thought. What would have Socrates thought of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s version of an ideal prince?Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Next, the prince must delegate the dirty work to others and leave the favorable acts for himself. Citizens are important to government, and so are their approvals of government. The support of the people can elevate the power of the prince. Machiavelli discredits the presence of morality in politics. In fact, he encourages amoral actions for the prince. In The Apology , Socrates defends his honor and advances his belief in truth-seeking. He believed that probing the minds of others was integral to the advancement of human understanding. However, some saw his inquisitive nature as dangerous. Since he publicized his opinions, he posed a threat to the state. He did not blindly conform to its practices. Socrates protected his honor, and opted to die than to waive on his convictions. He sought to ask questions, to scrutinize authorities, and to challenge establishments. At the core of SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ political opinions, he evaluated that individuals must think for themselves.. He wanted to create a change within the system. Socrates did not wage war againstShow MoreRelatedSocrates And Machiavelli1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesS ocrates, in his early works, maintained a steadfast distance from involvement in politics, making a comparison or evaluation of a political system in his persona technically impossible. To claim that Socrates would or would not be supportive of any political system might then seem irresponsible, a presumptuous analysis not fitting for an academic recognizing the false equivalence between SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ philosophy and MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political ethics. The strategy to conduct any sort of liable and validRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMachiavelli and Socrates Niccolo Machiavelli and Socrates both lived during turbulent, political times. Machiavelli in Florence, Italy and Socrates in Athens. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince outlines the necessary features and traits of a sovereign, primarily, a Prince. It served as a handbook to effective rulership in the 16th century. By analyzing MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that a prince should be strategically feared, the role of free will , and the role of the people , I will argue that Machiavelli hasRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesrespective times, Socrates and NiccolÃ ³ Machiavelli had very different methods and beliefs of how a political system should be run. The mindset of Socrates can be seen in the works Apology and Crito by Plato. Socrates, who values wisdom and justice over power and prestige, would view MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of a Prince very contradicting to how he believes a good life should be lived. In his work, The Prince, Machiavelli details how a princ e should rule and maintain power. Socrates would not be supportiveRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1860 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPolitical Theorists: Moralities and Wisdom Political theorists, Socrates and Machiavelli, each provide their own ideas and philosophies for political structure that are still being discussed today. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s writings of Ã¢â¬Å"ApologyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"CritoÃ¢â¬ , he defines Socrates as man of wisdom and humbleness as he goes through trial and death of a crime he did not commit. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s writing of Ã¢â¬Å"The PrinceÃ¢â¬ was written as a way to advise a Prince on how to achieve the greatest success as a ruler. These twoRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1660 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesworks of Socrates and Machiavelli are as polarized as the phrases Ã¢â¬Å"the unexamined life is not worth livingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the ends justify the means.Ã¢â¬ The Prince by Machiavelli and The Last Days of Socrates by Plato are both crucial texts to the discussion of what makes a good political leader. Well, what makes a good political leader? Socrates would disagree with MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s ideation of the Prince becau se of the immorality that he allows this model to have in the public sphere. However, Socrates would findRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1713 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocrates and NiccolÃ ² Machiavelli were both political philosophers who lived through corruption, violence, and political restlessness. These circumstances prompted them to develop their own solutions for their respective societies. This included the creation of a stable political system with a strong and effective leader through the examination of the faults of said societies. To Machiavelli, this leader is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Prince.Ã¢â¬ He believes that the Prince should be pragmatic in his actions, andRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1961 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWhat would Socrates think of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political world? Socrates and Machiavelli were some of the most influential political philosophers in their respective times. Some argue that their view of empowering individuals, whether it be through free speech or ruthless fighting, are quite similar. However, their views of leadership and government do not align. SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ support for free expression and due process makes his view of effective governance far different from MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on nationalRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli2009 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSocrates and Machiavelli are both very influential philosophers and two of the great minds of their time. However, both of these men had their own separate ideas that did not completely agree with one another. Machiavelli was born into a Renaissance time period of fragmented politics, lots of bloodshed, and angry citizens while Socrates grew up in a time of political adjustment and instability in Athens. Machiavelli constructed The Prince as a political pamphlet to his frie nd Lorenzo de MediciRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1976 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesand turmoil, both Socrates and Machiavelli use philosophy to evaluate people and politics. After seeing corruption, fragmentation and death, both philosophers developed different views. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of a Prince includes strong stances on morality and religion. Socrates would be likely to agree on the general ideas that Machiavelli believes a Prince should have but he would differ mainly in how they should be executed. I believe that Socrates would agree with Machiavelli that there needs toRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli Analysis936 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Socrates instilled value in living life as it ought to be and ingrained the pursuit of truth into all of his actions. He relished living as a gadfly to the state; arousing thoughts in others as a means to bring them to higher points of understanding and critical examination, which they then were to apply to their own society. He wanted people to live lives as they ought to live them and for the state to be a reflection of that aim. The leader advocated by Machiavelli, The Prince, is far more authoritarian
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
From Segregation to Racism During the 20th century there was segregation and racism in the United States. Many people believe these times are over but there is still an extreme amount of racism going on in the country today. During the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, leaders of all races (Black, Hispanics and whites) were fighting for equality. The majority of the black population was fighting for civil rights,better education, anti-lynching laws and equal opportunities. Jim crow laws, The KKK, and the horrible treatment towards minorities led to the continuance of racism in the country. Since the beginning of slavery, blacks have been treated unequal and when other minorities started coming to the U.S. in the 20th century, they were treated unequal asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After World War II, the federal government began to take its first productive actions against lynching. It took 21 years for the government to realize this should be against the law. One step closer to equality for minorities. Many great Leaders su ch as MLK jr, Cesar Chavez, Malcolm X, Medgar Evers and John F. Kennedy all contributed to the civil rights movement, the fight for equality and putting a stop to segregation. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) was a Baptist minister and social activist who played a key role in the American civil rights movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968 (Martin Luther King Jr. , history.com). MLK believed that everyone should be equal and have equal opportunities. He hoped to Much like Cesar Chavez who was stressing nonviolent methods, Chavez drew attention for his causes via boycotts, marches and hunger strikes. Despite conflicts with the Teamsters union and legal barriers, he was able to secure raises and improve conditions for farm workers in California, Texas, Arizona and Florida.(history.com, Cesar Chavez) Chavezs main focus was to gain more rights for Mexican American farmers facing discrimination. Malcolm X believed in similar ideas as MLK but he choose a different approach. MLK was going for a more peaceful approach while Malcolm X went for a more violent approach toward the white community. Medgar Evers (1925-1963) was an African-American civilShow MoreRelatedTo Kill a Mocking Bird- Thematic Approach (Outsiders)1695 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesneighbourhood because her father Atticus was Tom RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Lawyer. What prior experiences have helped to make this person an outsider? His skin colour for one was something he had no control over and this made him an outsider in America where racism is the norm. Another experience that helped make him an outsider was that he always helped EwellÃ¢â¬â¢s kid, Mayella out all the time, for free because he Ã¢â¬Å"felt sorry for herÃ¢â¬ as he said when being trialled upon. His good deeds however wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t repaid asRead MoreAfrican Americans Played a Key Role in Vietnam War Essay1602 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesblacks in the Army c. The Vietnam War as a genocide II. Discrimination Issues a. Armed Forces dominated by whites b. Personal racism c. Racist practices against blacks d. African Americans in combat III. Black Women in the Armed Forces a. Segregation in working areas b. Black women and their assignments IV. The Black Power a. Response to racism b. The new black culture c. BlackÃ¢â¬â¢s own terminology V. Consequences of Black response a. Banned Manifestations b. WidespreadRead MoreJackie Robinson Contributions to the Development of America1866 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesprohibitting him from responding. On March 17th, 1946 he played his first professional game in Daytona. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢He was impatient and a fighter for change,Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Mrs. Robinson stated, Ã¢â¬Å"and when he set his mind to something, he did it.Ã¢â¬ He inspired millions. This one manÃ¢â¬â¢s life changed the world in ways that made it more open minded and accepting. Robinson achieved this exploid by making the decison to give up the man he was for the man he would become. He learned to turn his back on the instincts he adapted from living
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The women in Don Juan are seen as pretty, submissive women whom are sexually attractive even sexually responsive. The men in Don Juan appear to be charming and unaccountable for their irresponsible love affairs based on the rationale that falling in love and lust is their default. Thus the men in Don Juan have no need for brute force or seductive tactics to obtain the women they desire. In 1818 when Don Juan was written it was unheard of for women to be liberated and unconventional. Byron pushed the envelope by transforming the female characters in Don Juan from passive, submissive, gentle women to rebellious, explicit, sexually aggressive women. InÃ¢â¬ Don JuanÃ¢â¬ , Donna Inez, Donna Julia, and Haidee are examples of attractive, gentle, dutiful, self sacrificing women who are accepting of their fate to the point of victimization. In Cantos I of Don Juan, Donna Inez the rigidly virtuous woman is tortured and tormented by her obligation to surrender and remain in an unhappy existence. Donna Inez is a learned woman of the arts and has a keen memory. Although Donna Inez is an educated and sophisticated woman, her husband Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ has no interest in her or her accomplishments. Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ possesses a wondering eye to which Donna Inez takes notice. Their marriage became a stagnant burden on the both of them that, Chatman 2 For some time an unhappy sort of life, Wishing each other, not divorced, but dead; They lived respectably as man and wifeÃ¢â¬ ( Byron I. 202-204. 1694). Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ takes Donna Inez for granted and is continuously getting into altercations which in turn instigate quarrels between him and Donna. Ã¢â¬Å"She kept a journal, where his faults were notedÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 217. 1694), Donna Inez tries to prove that her husband is mad, maintaining a journal outlying her findings while foraging through his personal belongings as to obtain evidence to use against him in hopes of a divorce. In Don Juan Byron amends Donna InezÃ¢â¬â¢s burden from discontented wife to over bearing, smothering, and sheltering mother. Donna Inez is seen as a cold and harsh type of woman, although there is evidence that she has not always been so. Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ died before him and Donna Inez were able to obtain a divorce, Ã¢â¬Å"An only son left with an only motherÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 295. 1695). Donna Inez felt as though Don JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"breeding should be strictly moralÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 308. 1696). Byron employs the Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ role of women based on chastity, marriage, and political power (Franklin, p. 17-19). Because Donna Inez takes on the burden of sole provider for her son and shelters him from the worldly views, Ã¢â¬Å"Byron undermines the concept of reforming society through endowing women with the role of guardian of morals by suggesting the unalterable dynamics of human sexualityÃ¢â¬ (Franklin, p. 117). As Don Juan, the son of Donna Inez matured into manhood women noticed his transformation, Donna InezÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to notice the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s modification is due to her fear of him becoming unmoral. Due to JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s distorted education and upbringing he partakes in a scandalous affair with one of his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s companions, Donna Julia. The affair embarrasses his mother and to avoid a scandal Donna Inez ships Jun off to travel to reset Chatman 3 His moral compass. Donna Inez looses individuality first in her obligated duties as a wife and then as a domineering mother falling victim social norms denying he own self discovery. Donna Julia a shy, inert woman breaks out of her role as submissive wife to not so innocent seductress. ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s satiric poem portrays Naive idealism, self repression, and the outright hypocrisy representing three stages in an EnglishwomanÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Franklin, p. 117). Donna Julia is an unhappy wife married to Don Alfonso, a middle-aged man incapable of engaging in her affections. Donna Julia is desperately seeking an escape from her dreadful everyday life. Donna Julia begins to find Don Juan attractive none-the-less attempting to contain her lust for the young boy, Byron indicates that woman by nature have as much a creature or more of a sexual appetite as a man (Franklin, p. 117), thus explain Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s surrendering to the flesh; Ã¢â¬Å"And Julia sate with Juan, half embraced And half retiring from the glowing armÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 913-914. 1704). Juan and Donna Julia affair becomes apparent and he is shipped off to sea by his mother and she to a convent by her husband, Ã¢â¬Å"the episode is forever closed for him on shipboard, when, reading JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s farewell letter and vowing never to forget herÃ¢â¬ (Boyd, 66). Donna Julia fell victim to the flesh and sacrifices her freedom for internal happiness. One midsummer evening the two declare their love for each other without the notion of possible consequences. November of that year Don Alfonso enters Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s room accompanied by his servants and makes a frantic search, but finds nothing. Dismissing the others, he returns to apologize for his jealousy, all the while spotting a pair of menÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes in the bed, Ã¢â¬Å"When lo! He stumbled oÃ¢â¬â¢er a pair of shoesÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 1440. 1710). The scandal Chatman 4 Of the affair has put Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s life in a compromising state. Ã¢â¬Å"Julia was sent to a nunneryÃ¢â¬ (Byon. I. 1526. 1712). Juan has now experienced, Ã¢â¬Å"the Promethean self; the irrepressible energy of the rebelÃ¢â¬â¢s desire, demanding liberty and power, bursting constraints of any sort, political, aesthetic, physical, and moralÃ¢â¬ (Tolliver, 395) and can no longer return to the confined way of life he once knew. Due to Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"sexual dominationÃ¢â¬ which was deemed as a threat and immoral in that time frame, she is punished in such a way of seclusion that ultimately secures her chastity and denies her romantic and femininity freedoms. Haidee forms the ultimate romantic bond with Juan which is victimized by her father and triggers her demise. Juan becomes ship wrecked and the innocent Haidee discovers him washed ashore and aides him back to health. Haidee and Juan fall into a whirlwind of love despite the language barrier and Donna Julia appears to be distant fond memory of a short lived fling. Juan finds real romance for the first time and last time. He and Haidee love not like the children of nature, as in the feigning of the pretty romances Byron deploredÃ¢â¬ (Tolliver, 66). HaideeÃ¢â¬â¢s father Lambro disapproves of Juan and ultimately sells him off into slavery and Haidee pregnant, dies of a broken heart. Lambro illustrates a spirit of competitiveness and self -assertion (Greer, 475) with Juan and is disturbing because Haidee is his daughter not one of his concubines. JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s and HaideeÃ¢â¬â¢s exotic passions expressed in a natural state of innocence, but unfortunately collide with the cruel intentions of Lambro, who exemplifies envy of the loverÃ¢â¬â¢s happiness. Ã¢â¬Å"Women have traditionally been the medium of exchange that secures peace between menÃ¢â¬ (Greer, 476), Chatman 5 In Don Juan women are the contrary; women are forces that drive men apart and eventually create their destruction. Byron is far more interested in the female protagonists of Don Juan rather than the typical egotistic jealous husband. Neither portrait of Donna Inez nor Donna Julia is flattering. Byron characterizes Donna Inez as malicious, in which others assumed Byron was personally attacking his estranged wife. Donna Inez is an intolerant and reserved wife; where as Donna Julia is a portrait of women as naive and deceiving. Ã¢â¬Å"Don JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s character logical decline is chronologicallyÃ¢â¬ (Utterback, 629) characterized by his doomed romantic relationships. Unlike earlier figures, ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s hero is so irresistibly attractive to women that they seduce him rather than vice versa (Utterback, 629). Ã¢â¬ËJuan nearly diedÃ¢â¬â¢ (Byron. I. 68) from affairs with Julia and Haidee: the passionate Julia is sentenced to life-in-death in a convent; Haidees nurturing of Juan is coupled with shadows of death, and she herself dies. Despite these women being a driven force in their own liberation, they were also a force to their downfall. Ã¢â¬ Byron more than hints that the reason Donna Inez was prompt to se parate Juan and Julia, when the fact that they were falling in love became obvious, was that Inez, now a widow, had once been courted by JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s husband, Don Alfonso, and that she was consequently jealous of Julia and wanted to destroy her reputation and even her marriageÃ¢â¬ (Boyd, 65). Inez has internalized the feminine ideal of morality and obedience where as she then transforms into the moralizing mother, a tool for institutional authority. The role that women play in this male struggle for dominance is not completely verbalized; rather the power is implied by charming juxtapositions. Ã¢â¬Å"Don Juan reveals to us a dying orderÃ¢â¬ (Johnson, 140), an order in which men are dominant and the aggressor to a Chatman 6 Patriarchal society. It appears as though Byron wants a heroine, for the presence of a woman seems necessary for JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s self-completion. Morality does not play a significant role in Don Juan, Ã¢â¬Å"ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s view in contrast, is realistic, ironic, and tolerant, aware of human vices and still more of human weaknesses, but accepting them with amused resignation as simply what one must except from such a creature as manÃ¢â¬ (Lauber, 614). The clear message of the poem for women, is individualism, how to not lose one self in the passions and the lust of the flesh. Although Don JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s individuality is not the focus of the poem, he is able to navigate his way in the world through the influence of women. All the male characters of the poem have lost their masculine competence to overpower women. Women are viewed as feminists whom took control of their life with no regrets, even if the sacrifice was their freedom and happiness. The masculine code of chivalry is masked with female independence and free thinking. The roles of women became central in reforming the archaic way of thinking in society. The doors of sexual rebellion of traditional sexual morality were thrown open in Don Juan by Donna Julia. Throughout Don Juan, Ã¢â¬Å"sexual politicsÃ¢â¬ is the matter at hand, how women with hold affection, seduce, and manipulate men to satisfy their own self fish needs. All marriages depicted in the poem are unhealthy and end in tragedy, thus depicting marriage as destructive. Ã¢â¬Å"ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s Canto I take on sentimental heroines in its portraits of Inez and JuliaÃ¢â¬ (Franklin, 123). The women in Don Juan are seen as opportunists, taking advantage of every possible prospect to obtain some type of tranquility. The female appetite was said to not exist and ignored due to Chatman 7 Contemporary times, Don Juan irrevocably unlocks the restricted dialogue that has for so many years been silenced.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World By: Jack Weatherford Brandon Gibson Stacie Brewer History 101 Western Civilization to 1689 Fall 2017 1st Term Jack Weatherford writes in a very appealing style, which had a large impact in the speed that I could finish the book. This book was written so well that it was on the New York Best Time Seller list for several weeks. The positives of Weatherford's writing are that he combines other historian's data with some of his own and it grabs and holds the attention of readers. The author uses examples and stories extraordinarily well to clarify his points so that the reader can relate to the material. The entire book is written so that it is very easy to comprehend. This allows someone from just about any education level to understand easily and can follow along. Taking that into account , I would suggest this book to someone who would not have the least bit of interest in history. It is very clear that Weatherford is a creative writer, blending the history of Genghis Khan with incredible enthusiasm , in turn paints a clear picture of the past . The very first page after the table of contents, is an ancestral table showing Genghis Khan, his family, and the lineage beyond him. The rest of the bo ok is organized in chronological order starting with an introduction about Weatherford's gathering of information and travels , followed by three text sections broken further down into chapters about the life of Genghis Khan , and ending with an epilogue. The structure and layout of the book is another key reason why I feel this book is great for any education level because it is presented, in my opinion, in the easiest way for a reader to understand and retain. Jack Weatherford's main theme for the book is how the Mongols would forever change the world through many different methods. Starting with the medieval times all the way till current day. Weatherford would go on to support his main theme by making connections between the Mongols, the Renaissance, an d the series of events that resulted in these combing . One of Weatherford 's main supporting ideas, was the importation of the printing press, blast furnace, compass, gunpowder, as well as Persian and Chinese painting s from the Mongol Empire . These items were all catalysts in providing the chang e into the modern world . He would make his case very powerfully and provides massive amounts of evidence . He displays how the Mongols also have an indirect influence in Europe. He also explains how the Mongols were very innovative during the renaissance while the European view was of a very destructive and vulgar culture. Weatherford portray ed all this by laying out a very thorough timeline about Genghis Kahn and his rise to power as well as how the Mongols viewed warfare, which honestly , was not the most honorable method of war, but it is what allowed for the Mongols to conquer and achieve victory. One very interesting point that Weatherford used to support his main idea about Genghis Kahn and his conquering of the world was that he was not born a military genius. Many people believe Genghis Kahn was born a military m astermind, however, everything h e would learn about war would be through mistakes. Trial and error was his learning process for successful raids and war. Outside of the main theme, w hat I like about this book is how Weatherford describes the multitude of raids, wars, and ambushes that the Mongols conducted and puts it in perspective. He provides a thorough comparison between t he Mongols and their opponents who would often t orture and maim prisoners, typically for entertainme nt . I also found , Weatherford 's explanation and reasoning for each invasion intriguing. He would also provide a political viewpoint behind each event from the Mongol perspective . Weatherford would support these views by explaining very well how each raid was either a brutal massacre or quite easy and peaceful. The word choices in his descriptions are what make it easy to follow and understand. What is
Monday, March 9, 2020
Willy Russell Educating Rita Essays Willy Russell Educating Rita Essay Willy Russell Educating Rita Essay Essay Topic: Literature The play is about a working class hairdresser from Liverpool, that wants to be educated, hence the title Educating Rita. Her tutor, Frank is an English lecturer who is teaching in the Open University for the money. The play is set in Franks office. Frank and Rita in the beginning have a teacher pupil relationship that changes to friendship, and subsequently turns back to teacher pupil and towards the end back to friendship. The play is staged with only two main parts and on one set. This allows the audience to become closer to the two characters easier because they are the only characters shown. This means that the audience had to imagine the other characters. The film however has many sets and a more characters, it also gives more of an insight to the working class and middle class home life. I preferred the play because it had a superior dialogue and didnt stray to far from the main point of the play. Our first impressions of Frank are that he is an alcoholic, who hides his drink. Jubilantly he moves to the Dickens section and pulls out a pile of books to reveal a bottle of whisky. He takes the bottle from the shelf and goes to the small table by the door and pours himself a large slug into the mug is his hand. Frank has taken on the Open University work to pay for his drink. It is also obvious from the out set that Frank is middle class, this is shown by his profession, a university lecturer, his speech, standard English and his food, lamb and ratatouille. He also shows his lack of will power when he breaks his promise not to smoke. Frank is very cynical about the education system and has a dry humour. He is almost always apathetic about life; encased in his own environment, his office and his senses become dulled. This is shown when Rita first comes to Franks office and notices the religious painting on the wall and describes it as erotic to which Frank replies, Actually I dont think Ive looked at it for about ten years, He doesnt take notice of his surroundings. In contrast, Rita is a working class hairdresser from Liverpool who decides to take on an English Open University Course to discover herself and to improve her way of life. In the first scene Rita bursts into Franks office and this has a dramatic effect. Rita has a good sense of humour, which keeps the play more interesting at the beginning. She is also assertive, however she sometimes puts herself down because of her lack of formal education. Ritas language is full of slang and swearing. So y switch it off an say, thats fuckin rubbish. Rita believes that the course she is doing will be the key to changing her life. The relationship between Frank and Rita starts at a teacher pupil basis, Rita begins the relationship with high expectations, she assumes that Frank the lecturer will have all the answers and this comes from the fact that she isnt educated, she doesnt come from an educated background. However Rita tests Franks intellectual talents to the full. She always wants an explanation and justification for everything he says. Frank and Rita get on so well because they are different. To Frank Rita is like a breath of fresh air, very natural and down to earth, compared to Frank who is a disillusioned, apathetic, battered university lecturer. But they are both unhappy about the situation that they are in. Rita has a failing marriage with a husband that wants her to have a baby, and Frank his unhappy with everything in his life. However Ritas freshness and appetite for learning and knowledge inspires Frank, he also finds her attractive, intelligent and he enjoys her company. So he invites Rita to his dinner party, he also feels that she will enjoy meeting new people; he never thinks how Rita would really feel being surrounded by middle class educated people. Rita on the other hand is partly excited about it and also apprehensive. In the end Rita does not go to the party because she thinks she brought the wrong wine, or so she said, and would not be able to converse with Franks middle class friends at their level. But I dont wanna be charming and delightful: funny, whats funny? I dont wanna be funny, I wanna talk seriously with the rest of you, I dont wanna spend the night taking the piss, comin on with the funnies because thats the only way I can get into the conversation. I dont want to come to your house just to play the court jester. She thinks that she is a half-caste stuck between working and middle class, not quite fitting into either. For Rita Act One ends on a very negative note, her marriage is finished. This came about because Ritas husband Denny wanted a baby and Rita did not, also Denny wanted Rita to stop going to the O. U course. Denny gives an ultimatum do as he says or leave. Frank and Rita both know that Rita will have to change to be able to write essays that will pass an examination. This will affect the relationship because Frank doesnt want to change Rita but Rita wants Frank to help change her, so it is inevitable that there would be a clash of wills. When Rita comes back from the O. U summer school she is more mature. Frank however is surprised that Rita has changed this much. Rita has gained a larger vocabulary at the summer school and begins to speak more objectively which is what Frank described the language of education to be. Well any analogy will break down eventually. The relationship has developed from the original teacher pupil status to a firm friendship that, as Frank knows, will inevitably have to end. Trishs is Ritas flat mate and has a large influence on Rita; this is shown when Trish tells Rita to talk in Standard English, which she does (to Franks annoyance). Trishs influence also causes Rita to gain confidence, so Rita begins to talk to the proper students. Rita, Yeh, I got here early today. I started talking to some students down on the lawn. Frank, You were talking to students down there? During Act 2 it is shown that, as Ritas life becomes better Franks is becoming worse. He enters scene 3 drunk, after students had complained about him being drunk in a lecture. Rita on the other hand is becoming more educated. Towards the end of the play Rita says that she doesnt need Frank, that she didnt need to hold his hand anymore. This shows that Rita is becoming more independent from Frank, this distanced the pair. Frank asks if Rita wants to stop coming to the tutorials because even without him she would sail through the exam. The audience feels sorry for Frank all through this scene. The end of scene 6 is a low point in the relationship because Rita and Frank arent in direct contact with each other and so the relationship is deteriorating. Frank at the end of the play is being sent to Australia for his crimes and he is still apathetic about the whole affair. Rita however is slightly more depressed with the attempted suicide of her flatmate and Frank leaving. Rita changing her name back to Susan is significant because it shows how she has grown up over the course of the play and that she now knows that changing her name was a silly thing to do. Frank is going to Australia for repeated drinking on campus and his punishment is reduced from the sack to a sabbatical to Australia. Rita plans to either go to France with Tyson, go to her mothers for Christmas or have a baby. These choices reveal that she is still indecisive. I think Russells message is that however well together people seem you cant really tell whats going on inside. For example, you could be a well paid businessman or woman who has a spouse, 2 kids, car and a roof over your heads a perfect life, and still want to kill yourself. The play ends on a happy note with a sad undertone. With the friendship between Frank and Rita back to normal, but with Franks leaving and Trishs suicide attempt ending it as a mix of the two. Russell uses humour to soften the blow that could be caused by tackling class, political and social issues, and the different ways the different classes deal with these issues. The first part of the play is funnier because the differences between Frank and Rita are more prominent. The play ends on a funny note with Rita giving Frank a haircut and cutting him.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Major Incident Management - Essay Example Those who are categorized as serious have a deathly consequence in their circumstances; those categorized as major may suffer from a major permanent loss of function; next comes those who may suffer with a permanent reduction in bodily functions; those categorized as minor require increased level of care; and finally those classified as minimum are patients with no injury or increased level of care (New South Wales Government, 2005). Based on corporate consequence, impact on staff, visitors, services, finances, and the environment shall also be assessed by the first responder. The likelihood of the incident happening again shall also be assessed by the first responder. He shall classify the likelihood from the rating Ã¢â¬ËfrequentÃ¢â¬â¢ (the highest possible rating) to Ã¢â¬ËrareÃ¢â¬â¢ (the lowest possible rating) (New South Wales Government, 2005). The risk or the magnitude of the incident also needs to be assessed by the first responder. The incident is rated at 1 if the ris k is extreme; 2 if the risk is high; 3, if there is medium risk; and 4 if the risk is low (New South Wales Government, 2005). The initial triage of the first responder is to assess the patients with life threatening conditions. The first responder has to deliver immediate treatment to these patients first by delivering CPR after airway clearance. For those classified as urgent or are unable to walk with RRs at 10 bpm-29 bpm and CRT at 2 seconds or less, urgent treatment has to be delivered by the crew. For those with minor injuries, but are walking, their treatment may be delayed; and for those who are dead, no treatment can be delivered. The crew then has to render appropriate emergency care and then transport the patients to the nearest hospital the soonest time possible, starting with those needing immediate care. In case of possible contagion, the emergency ambulance crew also has the duty of decontaminating the patients and themselves