Thursday, August 27, 2020
Religion of Anglo Saxons expositions The idea of the religion of the Germanic pioneers is a troublesome subject, since it must be sorted out from odd references from old style times and later Christian compositions which clearly would not like to advance Pagan convictions. Numerous cutting edge students of history take a gander at the way that four days of the week are named after Old Germanic divinities, comparing to four of the gods from later Scandinavian religion and disregard it just like equivalent to the religion of the Pagan Vikings. Sadly, it isn't this straightforward. While the facts confirm that they share numerous similitudes, this demeanor is about as legitimate as saying the Jewish confidence and Christianity are something very similar on the grounds that they share the Old Testament. Albeit both the Early English and Viking religions have a similar Germanic root, they were totally different, and the Viking form had three a larger number of hundreds of years of improvement than the English one. The early English religion shared a lot of practically speaking with pre-Roman Celtic convictions just as later Scandinavian ones. Unlike the later Scandinavian religion, the incomparable divinities in English confidence were presumably goddesses, not divine beings. The most significant of these was Nerthus, the earth mother (the Harvest Queen of society convention). She cared for the fruitfulness and prosperity of man and mammoth. It is muddled whether Frija or Frea is a different goddess, or simply one more part of Nerthus, however she is generally connected with adoration, desire, longing and companionship. Other significant Goddesses were Eostre, goddess of the first light, spring and new life (and whose name is given to the spring celebration of the Christian confidence - Easter), and Rheda or HreÃ£ °, a wÃ£ ¦lcyrie and goddess of the winter. Of the divine forces of the early English we just know about three: Tir, Woden and Thunor (the Tyr, OÃ£ °in and Thor of Viking folklore). Wode n appears to have been the most significant of these three since most imperial lines followed their plummet from him, and he endure the Conversion ... <!
Posted by Emma Cary at 1:17 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Minor limit judgment Essay Mohori Bibee and another Vs. Dharmodas Ghose Mohori Bibee and another Vs. Dharmodas Ghose Options Dock Print PDF Court :Ã Kolkata Reported in :Ã (1903)30IndianAppeals114 Judge :Ã Lord Macnaghten; Lord Davey; Lord Lindley; Sir Ford North; Sir Andrew Scoble; Sir Andrew Wilson, JJ. Settled on :Ã Mar-04-1903 Acts :Ã Indian Evidence Act, 1877 Section 115; Indian Contract Act Sections 41, 19, 64, 65 Appellant :Ã Mohori Bibee and another Respondent :Ã Dharmodas Ghose Advocate for Respondent :Ã W. W. Box, Adv. Promoter for Appellant :Ã Watkins; Lempriere, Advs. Judgment: SIR FORD NORTH, J. On July 20, 1895, the respondent, Dhurmodas Ghose, executed a home loan for Brahmo Dutt, a cash bank carrying on business at Calcutta and somewhere else, to make sure about the reimbursement of Rs. 20,000 at 12 percent. enthusiasm on certain houses having a place with the respondent. The sum really progressed is in contest. Around then the respondent was a baby; and he didn't achieve twenty-one until the period of September following. All through the exchange Brahmo Dutt was missing from Calcutta, and the entire business was helped through for him by his lawyer, Kedar Nath Mitter, the cash being found by Dedraj, the neighborhood administrator of Brahmo Dutt. While thinking about the proposed advance, Kedar Nath got data that the respondent was as yet a minor; and on July 15, 1895, the accompanying letter was composed and sent to him by Bhupendra Nath Bose, an attorney:Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Dear Sir,Ã¢â¬I am told by S. M. Jogendranundinee Dasi, the mother and watchman named by the High Court under its letters patent of the individual and property of Babu Dhurmodas Ghose, that a home loan of the properties of the said Babu Dhurmodas Ghose is being set up from your office. I am told to give you notice, which I thusly do, that the said Babu Dhurmodas Ghose is as yet a baby younger than twenty-one, and any one loaning cash to him will do as such at his own hazard and risk. Ã¢â¬ Kedar Nath decidedly precluded the receipt from claiming any such letter; yet the Court of first occasion and the Appellate Court both held that he did by and by get it on July 15; and the proof is definitive upon the point. On the day on which the home loan was executed, Kedar Nath got the newborn child to sign a long assertion, which, he had arranged for him, containing an explanation that he grew up on June 17; and that Babu Dedraj and Brahmo Dutt, depending on his affirmation that he had accomplished his dominant part, had consented to progress to him Rs. 0,000. There is clashing proof concerning when and conditions under which that assertion was gotten; yet it is superfluous to go into this, as the two Courts beneath have held that Kedar Nath didn't follow up on, and was not misdirected by, that announcement, and was completely mindful at the time the home loan was executed of the minority of the respondent. It might be included here that Kedar Nath was the lawyer and specialist of Brahmo Dutt, and says in his proof that he got the announcement for the more prominent security of his Ã¢â¬Å"client. Ã¢â¬ The newborn child had no different lawful consultant. On September 10, 1895, the baby, by his mom and gatekeeper as next companion, initiated this activity against Brahmo Dutt, expressing that he was under age when he executed the home loan, and petitioning God for a revelation that it was void and out of commission, and ought to be conveyed up to be dropped. The litigant, Brahmo Dutt, put in a barrier that the offended party was of full age when he executed the home loan; that neither he nor Kedar Nath had any notification that the offended party was then a newborn child; that, regardless of whether he was a minor, the affirmation concerning his age was falsely made to hoodwink the respondent, and disentitled the offended party to any alleviation; and that regardless the Court ought not give the offended party any help without causing him to reimburse the cash progressed. By a further articulation the litigant asserted that the offended party had ubsequently endorsed the home loan; yet this case completely fizzled, and isn't the subject of request. Jenkins J. , who managed in the Court of first example, found the realities as above expressed, and conceded the help inquired. What's more, the Appellate Court excused the intrigue from him. Along these lines to the foundation of the current intrigue Brahmo Dutt passed on, and this intrigue h as been arraigned by his agents. The first of the appellants reasons on the side of the current intrigue is that the Courts underneath weren't right in holding that the information on Kedar Nath must be credited to the litigant. As they would like to think they were clearly right. The respondent was missing from Calcutta, and by and by didn't take any part in the exchange. It was completely responsible for Kedar Nath, whose full power to go about as he did isn't contested. He remained in the spot of the litigant for the reasons for this home loan; and his demonstrations and information were the demonstrations and information on his head. It was fought that Dedraj, the respondents gomastha, was the genuine delegate in Calcutta of the litigant, and that he had no information on the offended parties minority. Be that as it may, there is nothing in this. He no uncertainty made the development out of the respondents reserves. In any case, he says in his proof that Ã¢â¬Å"Kedar Babu was following up in the interest of my lord from the earliest starting point in this matterÃ¢â¬ ; and somewhat further on he includes that before the enlistment of the home loan he didn't speak with his lord regarding the matter of the minority. Be that as it may, he knew that there was an inquiry raised concerning the offended parties age; and he says, Ã¢â¬Å"I left all issues with respect to the minority in the hands of Kedar Babu. Ã¢â¬ The appellants counsel fought that the offended party is estopped by s. 115 of the Indian Evidence Act (I. f 1872) from setting up that he was a newborn child when he executed the home loan. The area is as per the following: Ã¢â¬Å"Estoppel. At the point when one individual has by his announcement demonstration or oversight deliberately caused or allowed someone else to accept a thing to be valid, and to follow up on such conviction, neither he nor his agent will be permitted in any suit or continuing among himself and such individual or his delegate to preclude reality from claiming that thing. Ã¢â¬ The Courts underneath appear to have concluded that this area doesn't make a difference to newborn children; however their Lordships don't figure it important to manage that question now. They think of it as obvious that the segment doesn't make a difference to a case like the present, where the announcement depended upon is made to an individual who knows the genuine realities and isn't deluded by the false proclamation. There can be no estoppel where the reality of the situation is known to the two gatherings, and their Lordships hold, as per English specialists, that a bogus portrayal, made to an individual who realizes that it will generally be bogus, isn't such an extortion as to remove the benefit of early stages: Nelson v. Stocker. 0 a similar guideline is perceived in the clarification to s. 19 of the Indian Contract Act, in which it is said that an extortion or distortion which didn't make the assent an agreement of the gathering on whom such misrepresentation was rehearsed, or to whom such deception was made, doesn't render an agreement voidable. The point generally squeezed, in any case, for the benefit of the appellants was that the Courts should not to ha ve declared in the respondents favor without requesting him to reimburse to the appellants the total of Rs. 0,500, said to have been paid to him as a component of the thought for the home loan. What's more, on the side of this conflict s. 64 of the Contract Act (IX. of 1872) was depended on:Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sect. 64. At the point when an individual at whose choice an agreement is voidable repeals it, the other party thereto need not play out any guarantee in that contained of which he is promisor. The gathering revoking a voidable agreement will, on the off chance that he have gotten any advantage thereunder from another gathering to such agreement, reestablish such advantage, so far as might be, to the individual from whom it was gotten. Ã Both Courts underneath held that they were limited by power to regard the agreements of newborn children as voidable just, and not void; yet that this area just alludes to contracts made by people able to contract, and in this manner not to babies. The general current of choice in India unquestionably is that since the time the death of the Indian Contract Act (IX, of 1872) the agreements of babies are voidable as it were. This end, in any case, has not been shown up at without lively fights by different appointed authorities every once in a while; nor surely without choices to the opposite impact. Under these conditions, their Lordships see themselves as at freedom to follow up on their own perspective on the law as proclaimed by the Contract Act, and they have thought it option to have the case reargued before them upon this point. They don't think of it as important to analyze in detail the various choices above alluded to, as they would see it the entire inquiry turns upon what is simply the genuine development of the Contract Act itself. It is important, subsequently, to consider cautiously the conditions of that Act; however before doing so it might be advantageous to allude to the Transfer of Property Act (IV of 1882), s. of which gives that each individual equipped to agreement and qualified for transferable property. . . . is able to move such property. . . . in the conditions, to the degree, and in the way permitted and recommended by any law for the time acquire power. That is the Act under which the current home loan was made, and it is just managing people able to agreement; and s. 4 of that Act gives that the parts and areas of that Act which identify with contracts are to be taken as a component of the Indian Contract Act, 1872. The current case, along these lines, falls inside the arrangements of the last Act. At that point, to go to the Contract Act, s. 2 gives: (e) Every guarantee and each arrangement of guarantees, shaping the thought for one another, is an understanding. (g) An understanding not enforceable by law I
Posted by Emma Cary at 10:10 AM
Friday, August 21, 2020
Diverse Titles at Book Expo America As a follow-up to my first Book Expo post, I thought it would be good to put together a list of some of the upcoming diverse titles I heard about at the conference. This is by no means a complete list, so if you have any additional titles, share them in the comments! And click here to check out this awesome list of strong women featured at BEA! Love, Hate, and Other Filters Samira Ahmed (January 16, 2018) Maya Aziz is torn between the traditional future her parents want for her in Chicago, and the future she wants for herself in New York City. But then her life takes a complicated turn when a suicide bomber attacks America and she realizes that by chance, they share the same last name. A powerful coming-of-age debut about love, fear, and facing Islamophobia. You Dont Have to Say You Love Me Sherman Alexie (June 13, 2017) The much-anticipated memoir from the acclaimed author of The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian. After his mother passed away at age 78, Sherman Alexie began writing about the complicated, sometimes abusive, relationship he shared with her, growing up in poverty on a Native American reservation. Cuz: The Life and Times of Michael A. Danielle Allen (September 5, 2017) Danielle Allen tells the story of her baby cousin, who was arrested at age 15 for an attempted carjacking, served 11 years in prison, and was shot and killed three years after his release. But here, cuz stands for both cousin and because: Why was Michael trying to steal a car at age 15? Why was he tried as an adult and left to languish in prison? And why did he end up dead after trying to make a fresh start? The City of Brass S.A. Chakraborty (November 14, 2017) The future of a magical Middle Eastern kingdom rests with a young con woman named Nahri and her miraculous healing powers. This debut fantasy has been described as a mix between The Golem and the Jinni and Arabian Nights. Little Soldiers: An American Boy, A Chinese School, and the Global Race to Achieve Lenora Chu (September 19, 2017) An investigative look at the Chinese educational system and how it produces such a large number of high-performing students. As she uncovers a military-like education system that produces results through high-stakes testing and the threat of public shame, she wonders how the system can be changed, and what American schools can learn from the process. We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy Ta-Nehisi Coates (October 5, 2017) A powerful collection of new and previously published essays from the author of Between the World and Me that attempts to take stock of the Obama presidency. (Cover coming soon.) Future Home of the Living God Louise Erdrich (November 14, 2017) Louise Erdrich offers a chilling dystopian novel in which evolution has been reversed and women are giving birth to what appear to be primitive species of humans. Cedar Hawk Songmaker is four months pregnant, and as society collapses around her, she journeys to find answers from her birth mother, who is currently living on an Ojibwa reservation. An American Family: A Memoir of Hope and Sacrifice Khizr Khan (November 14, 2017) From the hero of the 2016 Democratic National Convention comes a touching, powerful memoir about coming to America for the promises set forth in the US Constitution. As Khan details the sacrifices made by his family particularly his son, US Army Captain Humayun Khan, who was killed in Iraq he also testifies to the promise of this country and what it means to live according to your values. (Cover coming soon.) Bluebird, Bluebird Attica Locke (September 12, 2017) Darren Mathews, a black Texas Ranger, is called to the small town of Lark to investigate the murders of a black lawyer and a local white woman, while navigating the resentment and racial tensions that have erupted as a result. The Widows of Malabar Hill Sujata Massey (January 2018) The first book in a brand new historical mystery series set in 1920s Bombay, featuring Perveen Mistry, who is one of the few female lawyers in India and based in part on the real-life Cornelia Sorabji, who served as the first woman to practice law in India. Perveen is called to handle the will of a wealth Muslim businessman, but notices that all three of his wives have agreed to sign over their inheritance to a charity. Is there something more sinister at play here? Little Fires Everywhere Celeste Ng (September 12, 2017) Elena Richardson of Shaker Heights, Ohio, embodies the successful, law-abiding, carefully planned spirit of her suburburban neighborhood better than anyone. But her world is shaken when the Richardsons rent a house to Mia Warren, an artist and a single mother who does anything but play by the rules. And when old family friends of the Richardsons attempt to adopt a Chinese-American baby, the custody battle that erupts puts Mia and Elena on opposing sides. A Moonless, Starless Sky: Ordinary Women and Men Fighting Extremism in Africa Alexis Okeowo (October 3, 2017) Alexis Okeowo, a staff writer at the New Yorker, embarks on a masterful work of literary journalism that tells the untold narratives of Africans (many of them women) who are courageously resisting the fundamentalism sweeping their continent. Beasts Made of Night Tochi Onyebuchi (October 31, 2017) A gritty Nigerian-influenced YA fantasy novel about sin beasts lethal creatures spawned from human feelings of guilt and the sin-eaters, the people required to slay the sin-beasts at a terrible personal cost. Taj is the most talented of the sin-eaters, but finds himself out of his element when he discovers a dark conspiracy to destroy his city. Reset: My Fight for Inclusion and Lasting Change Ellen K. Pao (September 19, 2017) A fearless firsthand account of the authors gender discrimination lawsuit, which she filed against the venture capital firm, Kleinier Perkins in 2012. Besides addressing the situations that led to the lawsuit, Ellen Pao also addresses the pervasive misogyny at home in the tech industry and our society as a whole. Prince: A Private View Afshin Shahidi (October 17, 2017) A collection of candid, personal, and powerful photographs of Prince, from the archives of his most trusted photographer. Dear Martin Nic Stone (October 17, 2017) Justyce McAllister is top of his class and destined for the Ivy League when he is falsely arrested by the police and later released. In order to cope with the chaos surrounding him Justyce begins writing a journal to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and wondering how well Dr. Kings teachings hold up in the modern world. Where the Past Begins Amy Tan (October 17, 2017) The best-selling authors turns to nonfiction and examines the inspirations and truths of her fiction, including childhood memories, candid journal entries, and heartbreaking letters to and from her mother. A Conspiracy in Belgravia Sherry Thomas (September 5, 2017) The second book in the Lady Sherlock series finds Charlotte Holmes investigating the disappearance of her illegitimate half brother, Myron Finch, as well as dealing with a surprising marriage proposal and an unidentified (and unexpected) corpse. Were Going to Need More Wine Gabrielle Union (October 17, 2017) A collection of thoughtful and personal essays about gender, sexuality, race, beauty, and being a woman in the modern world. Save Save Save Save Save Save
Posted by Emma Cary at 7:52 AM
Monday, May 25, 2020
Women Rights Movement in Argentina Current research is examining the main purpose and objectives of the women rights movement in Argentina. Moreover, the detailed conceptualization of the crucial principles is described through the prism of the thorough analysis of the literature resources and includes the explanation of the various aspects that have conditioned its foundation. In addition, the investigation includes a wide specter of instances that are articulated by the historical, cultural and human factors that influenced women rights movement appearance. The case of Argentina becomes a centralized example of feminist achievements. The Universal Declaration of Human rights, adopted by the United Nations was a great promotion of understanding the phenomenon of freedom. Therefore, it is necessary to underscore the fact that they believed that the ideal of equal rights should be applied internationally (Walter, 19). As a result, this declaration (1948) did not prove its initial goal and the United Nations adopted another Convention in 1979. This document stressed that women are not equal with men because of the motherhood factor that can easily affect the employment issue and become a burden of female realization that required special attention (article 11 of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Woman). The CEDAW document has become an extremely significant challenge to the world community and provoked the awakening of the new force around the world. The universal rights paradigm had to become practicable, but the interpretation of it was obsolete. The Globalization processes have rapidly spread through the world and involved the modernization of moral values standards. For instance, Denmark female population had more privileges and rights in comparison with other European countries. The entry into the European Union was a great step on the way to overcome the stability and improve the system of national governance and economy. Fortunately, the fears of women to lose their freedom did not materialize. Thus, the globalization has opened gates of employment to the female. Transnational corporations offered a wide range of working places for women and made the national sovereignty weaker to resist their policy (Walter, 21). The Third World countries gained a chance to influence their welfare. The lack of economic options hindered the development of the women individuals. On the one hand, transnational corporations empowered them with the ability to work and to have own choice of controlling the personal budget, but, on the other h and, they were put under abusive working conditions in order to have their share in the society (Walter, 21). Although, the internalization of the women rights movement has gradually developed around the world, but there is still a controversy that claims this concept to infringe upon different cultural values and religion factor. The unique instance is Indian women protest against dowry issue. They assert that dowry in their society has become a problem because husbands may only take a marriage to get a financial benefit and later kill their brides (Walter, 22). The phenomenon of domestic violence is also a complexity that has been observed in other countries. Dowry deaths are the bright example of the universal women rights violation and should be eliminated from cultural practice of India and other countries, which have obsolete traditions. This statement includes a number of Arab and African countries because of their well-known reputation to ignore the universal behavioral norms. Argentina is a state that has relatively high level of life standard, but, it is important to emphasize that, approximately 25 percent live in poverty according to Lyn Walter research that poses the question of this factor as a general leverage of women welfare problematic solution. Considering the historical retrospective analysis of Argentina, it is necessary to point that in 1852 the female rights issue was not even mentioned or discussed at all (Walter, 2). The peculiar fact was that married woman could not administer her property or to be a witness without a permission of her husband. In 1896, the socialist party supported the specific measures, which protected women rights. They took care of the working issue of mothers and forbade a multitude of practices that endangered motherhood. Furthermore, the program of 1907 proclaimed that women can vote and have the equal salary to men. It was the real advance of the regulations and practices for that time. Carliona Muzilli Gabriela Laperriere de Coni and other famous feminists of that period wrote the newspaper referred to the working conditions report section describing woman and children working conditions (Walter, 4). Accompanied by other feminists they have created the Centro Socialista Feminino group that was primarily focused on educational lectures for women (Walter, 4). The XX century beginning was a difficult period for Argentina because of the growing debate on the issue of a landowning aristocracy to control the problem of the immigrants (especially the prostitutes of European origin) and working-class female and children health policy problematic resolution and amelioration (Walter, 4). A chaos took over the system and it was a tangled task to complete. Finally, the Law 11.317 was implemented in 1924 and it has regulated the issue of eight-hour work for the woman, workbook demand and forbade the pregnancy to be a reason for firing (Walter, 4). However, the society was not reluctant to abide such rules, but these norms were partially incorporated into the general order. Hence, the women were not assumed to be children with limited abilities or intelligence as they were treated in XIX century. Cecilia Grierson was one of the ArgentinaÃ¢â¬â¢s first feminist who had higher education and attended the meeting of International Council for Woman in London. She made every possible effort to found the National Council for Woman in her country, but, unfortunately, she was not able to make it a suffragist organization (Walter, 5). Thus, she managed to build a great philanthropic organization, which supported an educational idea and process for women in Argentina. It was a big achievement to criticize the subordination and to break the silence of issues that deserved to be opened to the public. The XX century feminists were only a small group of the brave personalities who wanted to boost the perspectives baked for next generations. 1910, Cecilia GriersonÃ¢â¬â¢s organization held the First International Feminine Congress in Buenos Aires. The raised the problematic of female legal status, education necessity, suffrage and other (Walter, 5). The case of Argentina women rights movement history is, probably the most successful example of the progress in this field. They have made a great input in democratization processes and took the persuasive position in the promotion of their concept. The Peronist party government had absolutely supported and granted female their full political rights (Walter, 1). Madres de Plaza de Mayo group did every possible effort to enhance the democratization of their country and to protest the horrible fact of the children disappearance in Argentina (Walter, 1). After 1983, the feminist movement was literally unleashed and occupied of political, economic and legal spheres. They strived to ratify the women rights convention of the United Nations and assailed their opponents with the perfectly logical initiatives. The rapid modernization facilitated the negative consequences and results possibility that served a key to evolving new positions according to the obsolete regime and stereotypical order that prosecuted female for their will to be free. There were literally no borders of sympathy or understanding and women had to create a safety barrier for themselves. Furthermore, there was no need to put the cart before the horse in defending of actual inevitability that leads to the contemporary globalized democracy. Consequently, all of the limited traditions and principles were replaced with the new standards and it became a merit of courageous female individuals who broke the clichÃ ©. Finally, this research introduces an analysis of the movement for women rights through the multitude of instances describes in Lynn Walter work. Moreover, the historic retrospective correlations fill this investigation with a specific thoughtful approach that reveals real conditions of the movement formation. In addition, the clear structural scheme of the informational examination becomes a basis for the general awareness in the current case. The evaluation of measures taken by the feminist movement in Argentina deduces that it was, probably, the most successful organization to protect women rights, according to their achievements in the difficult time and regime realities.
Posted by Emma Cary at 3:26 AM
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Machiavelli and Socrates are two of the most prominent philosophers of history. Each men are characterized by developing distinct schools of thought regarding individual rights and statehood. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince is a manual for rulers: lessons based on empirical observations of history. In The Apology written by Plato, Socrates delivers a justification to an Athenian court. It is not so much an apology for his accused actions, but an oration of his personal beliefs regarding free thought. What would have Socrates thought of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s version of an ideal prince?Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Next, the prince must delegate the dirty work to others and leave the favorable acts for himself. Citizens are important to government, and so are their approvals of government. The support of the people can elevate the power of the prince. Machiavelli discredits the presence of morality in politics. In fact, he encourages amoral actions for the prince. In The Apology , Socrates defends his honor and advances his belief in truth-seeking. He believed that probing the minds of others was integral to the advancement of human understanding. However, some saw his inquisitive nature as dangerous. Since he publicized his opinions, he posed a threat to the state. He did not blindly conform to its practices. Socrates protected his honor, and opted to die than to waive on his convictions. He sought to ask questions, to scrutinize authorities, and to challenge establishments. At the core of SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ political opinions, he evaluated that individuals must think for themselves.. He wanted to create a change within the system. Socrates did not wage war againstShow MoreRelatedSocrates And Machiavelli1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesS ocrates, in his early works, maintained a steadfast distance from involvement in politics, making a comparison or evaluation of a political system in his persona technically impossible. To claim that Socrates would or would not be supportive of any political system might then seem irresponsible, a presumptuous analysis not fitting for an academic recognizing the false equivalence between SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ philosophy and MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political ethics. The strategy to conduct any sort of liable and validRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMachiavelli and Socrates Niccolo Machiavelli and Socrates both lived during turbulent, political times. Machiavelli in Florence, Italy and Socrates in Athens. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince outlines the necessary features and traits of a sovereign, primarily, a Prince. It served as a handbook to effective rulership in the 16th century. By analyzing MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that a prince should be strategically feared, the role of free will , and the role of the people , I will argue that Machiavelli hasRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesrespective times, Socrates and NiccolÃ ³ Machiavelli had very different methods and beliefs of how a political system should be run. The mindset of Socrates can be seen in the works Apology and Crito by Plato. Socrates, who values wisdom and justice over power and prestige, would view MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of a Prince very contradicting to how he believes a good life should be lived. In his work, The Prince, Machiavelli details how a princ e should rule and maintain power. Socrates would not be supportiveRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1860 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPolitical Theorists: Moralities and Wisdom Political theorists, Socrates and Machiavelli, each provide their own ideas and philosophies for political structure that are still being discussed today. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s writings of Ã¢â¬Å"ApologyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"CritoÃ¢â¬ , he defines Socrates as man of wisdom and humbleness as he goes through trial and death of a crime he did not commit. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s writing of Ã¢â¬Å"The PrinceÃ¢â¬ was written as a way to advise a Prince on how to achieve the greatest success as a ruler. These twoRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1660 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesworks of Socrates and Machiavelli are as polarized as the phrases Ã¢â¬Å"the unexamined life is not worth livingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the ends justify the means.Ã¢â¬ The Prince by Machiavelli and The Last Days of Socrates by Plato are both crucial texts to the discussion of what makes a good political leader. Well, what makes a good political leader? Socrates would disagree with MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s ideation of the Prince becau se of the immorality that he allows this model to have in the public sphere. However, Socrates would findRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1713 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocrates and NiccolÃ ² Machiavelli were both political philosophers who lived through corruption, violence, and political restlessness. These circumstances prompted them to develop their own solutions for their respective societies. This included the creation of a stable political system with a strong and effective leader through the examination of the faults of said societies. To Machiavelli, this leader is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Prince.Ã¢â¬ He believes that the Prince should be pragmatic in his actions, andRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1961 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWhat would Socrates think of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political world? Socrates and Machiavelli were some of the most influential political philosophers in their respective times. Some argue that their view of empowering individuals, whether it be through free speech or ruthless fighting, are quite similar. However, their views of leadership and government do not align. SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ support for free expression and due process makes his view of effective governance far different from MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on nationalRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli2009 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSocrates and Machiavelli are both very influential philosophers and two of the great minds of their time. However, both of these men had their own separate ideas that did not completely agree with one another. Machiavelli was born into a Renaissance time period of fragmented politics, lots of bloodshed, and angry citizens while Socrates grew up in a time of political adjustment and instability in Athens. Machiavelli constructed The Prince as a political pamphlet to his frie nd Lorenzo de MediciRead MoreMachiavelli And Socrates1976 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesand turmoil, both Socrates and Machiavelli use philosophy to evaluate people and politics. After seeing corruption, fragmentation and death, both philosophers developed different views. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of a Prince includes strong stances on morality and religion. Socrates would be likely to agree on the general ideas that Machiavelli believes a Prince should have but he would differ mainly in how they should be executed. I believe that Socrates would agree with Machiavelli that there needs toRead MoreSocrates And Machiavelli Analysis936 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Socrates instilled value in living life as it ought to be and ingrained the pursuit of truth into all of his actions. He relished living as a gadfly to the state; arousing thoughts in others as a means to bring them to higher points of understanding and critical examination, which they then were to apply to their own society. He wanted people to live lives as they ought to live them and for the state to be a reflection of that aim. The leader advocated by Machiavelli, The Prince, is far more authoritarian
Posted by Emma Cary at 10:20 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
From Segregation to Racism During the 20th century there was segregation and racism in the United States. Many people believe these times are over but there is still an extreme amount of racism going on in the country today. During the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, leaders of all races (Black, Hispanics and whites) were fighting for equality. The majority of the black population was fighting for civil rights,better education, anti-lynching laws and equal opportunities. Jim crow laws, The KKK, and the horrible treatment towards minorities led to the continuance of racism in the country. Since the beginning of slavery, blacks have been treated unequal and when other minorities started coming to the U.S. in the 20th century, they were treated unequal asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After World War II, the federal government began to take its first productive actions against lynching. It took 21 years for the government to realize this should be against the law. One step closer to equality for minorities. Many great Leaders su ch as MLK jr, Cesar Chavez, Malcolm X, Medgar Evers and John F. Kennedy all contributed to the civil rights movement, the fight for equality and putting a stop to segregation. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) was a Baptist minister and social activist who played a key role in the American civil rights movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968 (Martin Luther King Jr. , history.com). MLK believed that everyone should be equal and have equal opportunities. He hoped to Much like Cesar Chavez who was stressing nonviolent methods, Chavez drew attention for his causes via boycotts, marches and hunger strikes. Despite conflicts with the Teamsters union and legal barriers, he was able to secure raises and improve conditions for farm workers in California, Texas, Arizona and Florida.(history.com, Cesar Chavez) Chavezs main focus was to gain more rights for Mexican American farmers facing discrimination. Malcolm X believed in similar ideas as MLK but he choose a different approach. MLK was going for a more peaceful approach while Malcolm X went for a more violent approach toward the white community. Medgar Evers (1925-1963) was an African-American civilShow MoreRelatedTo Kill a Mocking Bird- Thematic Approach (Outsiders)1695 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesneighbourhood because her father Atticus was Tom RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Lawyer. What prior experiences have helped to make this person an outsider? His skin colour for one was something he had no control over and this made him an outsider in America where racism is the norm. Another experience that helped make him an outsider was that he always helped EwellÃ¢â¬â¢s kid, Mayella out all the time, for free because he Ã¢â¬Å"felt sorry for herÃ¢â¬ as he said when being trialled upon. His good deeds however wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t repaid asRead MoreAfrican Americans Played a Key Role in Vietnam War Essay1602 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesblacks in the Army c. The Vietnam War as a genocide II. Discrimination Issues a. Armed Forces dominated by whites b. Personal racism c. Racist practices against blacks d. African Americans in combat III. Black Women in the Armed Forces a. Segregation in working areas b. Black women and their assignments IV. The Black Power a. Response to racism b. The new black culture c. BlackÃ¢â¬â¢s own terminology V. Consequences of Black response a. Banned Manifestations b. WidespreadRead MoreJackie Robinson Contributions to the Development of America1866 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesprohibitting him from responding. On March 17th, 1946 he played his first professional game in Daytona. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢He was impatient and a fighter for change,Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Mrs. Robinson stated, Ã¢â¬Å"and when he set his mind to something, he did it.Ã¢â¬ He inspired millions. This one manÃ¢â¬â¢s life changed the world in ways that made it more open minded and accepting. Robinson achieved this exploid by making the decison to give up the man he was for the man he would become. He learned to turn his back on the instincts he adapted from living
Posted by Emma Cary at 3:05 PM
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The women in Don Juan are seen as pretty, submissive women whom are sexually attractive even sexually responsive. The men in Don Juan appear to be charming and unaccountable for their irresponsible love affairs based on the rationale that falling in love and lust is their default. Thus the men in Don Juan have no need for brute force or seductive tactics to obtain the women they desire. In 1818 when Don Juan was written it was unheard of for women to be liberated and unconventional. Byron pushed the envelope by transforming the female characters in Don Juan from passive, submissive, gentle women to rebellious, explicit, sexually aggressive women. InÃ¢â¬ Don JuanÃ¢â¬ , Donna Inez, Donna Julia, and Haidee are examples of attractive, gentle, dutiful, self sacrificing women who are accepting of their fate to the point of victimization. In Cantos I of Don Juan, Donna Inez the rigidly virtuous woman is tortured and tormented by her obligation to surrender and remain in an unhappy existence. Donna Inez is a learned woman of the arts and has a keen memory. Although Donna Inez is an educated and sophisticated woman, her husband Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ has no interest in her or her accomplishments. Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ possesses a wondering eye to which Donna Inez takes notice. Their marriage became a stagnant burden on the both of them that, Chatman 2 For some time an unhappy sort of life, Wishing each other, not divorced, but dead; They lived respectably as man and wifeÃ¢â¬ ( Byron I. 202-204. 1694). Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ takes Donna Inez for granted and is continuously getting into altercations which in turn instigate quarrels between him and Donna. Ã¢â¬Å"She kept a journal, where his faults were notedÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 217. 1694), Donna Inez tries to prove that her husband is mad, maintaining a journal outlying her findings while foraging through his personal belongings as to obtain evidence to use against him in hopes of a divorce. In Don Juan Byron amends Donna InezÃ¢â¬â¢s burden from discontented wife to over bearing, smothering, and sheltering mother. Donna Inez is seen as a cold and harsh type of woman, although there is evidence that she has not always been so. Don JoseÃ¢â¬â¢ died before him and Donna Inez were able to obtain a divorce, Ã¢â¬Å"An only son left with an only motherÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 295. 1695). Donna Inez felt as though Don JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"breeding should be strictly moralÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 308. 1696). Byron employs the Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ role of women based on chastity, marriage, and political power (Franklin, p. 17-19). Because Donna Inez takes on the burden of sole provider for her son and shelters him from the worldly views, Ã¢â¬Å"Byron undermines the concept of reforming society through endowing women with the role of guardian of morals by suggesting the unalterable dynamics of human sexualityÃ¢â¬ (Franklin, p. 117). As Don Juan, the son of Donna Inez matured into manhood women noticed his transformation, Donna InezÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to notice the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s modification is due to her fear of him becoming unmoral. Due to JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s distorted education and upbringing he partakes in a scandalous affair with one of his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s companions, Donna Julia. The affair embarrasses his mother and to avoid a scandal Donna Inez ships Jun off to travel to reset Chatman 3 His moral compass. Donna Inez looses individuality first in her obligated duties as a wife and then as a domineering mother falling victim social norms denying he own self discovery. Donna Julia a shy, inert woman breaks out of her role as submissive wife to not so innocent seductress. ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s satiric poem portrays Naive idealism, self repression, and the outright hypocrisy representing three stages in an EnglishwomanÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Franklin, p. 117). Donna Julia is an unhappy wife married to Don Alfonso, a middle-aged man incapable of engaging in her affections. Donna Julia is desperately seeking an escape from her dreadful everyday life. Donna Julia begins to find Don Juan attractive none-the-less attempting to contain her lust for the young boy, Byron indicates that woman by nature have as much a creature or more of a sexual appetite as a man (Franklin, p. 117), thus explain Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s surrendering to the flesh; Ã¢â¬Å"And Julia sate with Juan, half embraced And half retiring from the glowing armÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 913-914. 1704). Juan and Donna Julia affair becomes apparent and he is shipped off to sea by his mother and she to a convent by her husband, Ã¢â¬Å"the episode is forever closed for him on shipboard, when, reading JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s farewell letter and vowing never to forget herÃ¢â¬ (Boyd, 66). Donna Julia fell victim to the flesh and sacrifices her freedom for internal happiness. One midsummer evening the two declare their love for each other without the notion of possible consequences. November of that year Don Alfonso enters Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s room accompanied by his servants and makes a frantic search, but finds nothing. Dismissing the others, he returns to apologize for his jealousy, all the while spotting a pair of menÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes in the bed, Ã¢â¬Å"When lo! He stumbled oÃ¢â¬â¢er a pair of shoesÃ¢â¬ (Byron. I. 1440. 1710). The scandal Chatman 4 Of the affair has put Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s life in a compromising state. Ã¢â¬Å"Julia was sent to a nunneryÃ¢â¬ (Byon. I. 1526. 1712). Juan has now experienced, Ã¢â¬Å"the Promethean self; the irrepressible energy of the rebelÃ¢â¬â¢s desire, demanding liberty and power, bursting constraints of any sort, political, aesthetic, physical, and moralÃ¢â¬ (Tolliver, 395) and can no longer return to the confined way of life he once knew. Due to Donna JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"sexual dominationÃ¢â¬ which was deemed as a threat and immoral in that time frame, she is punished in such a way of seclusion that ultimately secures her chastity and denies her romantic and femininity freedoms. Haidee forms the ultimate romantic bond with Juan which is victimized by her father and triggers her demise. Juan becomes ship wrecked and the innocent Haidee discovers him washed ashore and aides him back to health. Haidee and Juan fall into a whirlwind of love despite the language barrier and Donna Julia appears to be distant fond memory of a short lived fling. Juan finds real romance for the first time and last time. He and Haidee love not like the children of nature, as in the feigning of the pretty romances Byron deploredÃ¢â¬ (Tolliver, 66). HaideeÃ¢â¬â¢s father Lambro disapproves of Juan and ultimately sells him off into slavery and Haidee pregnant, dies of a broken heart. Lambro illustrates a spirit of competitiveness and self -assertion (Greer, 475) with Juan and is disturbing because Haidee is his daughter not one of his concubines. JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s and HaideeÃ¢â¬â¢s exotic passions expressed in a natural state of innocence, but unfortunately collide with the cruel intentions of Lambro, who exemplifies envy of the loverÃ¢â¬â¢s happiness. Ã¢â¬Å"Women have traditionally been the medium of exchange that secures peace between menÃ¢â¬ (Greer, 476), Chatman 5 In Don Juan women are the contrary; women are forces that drive men apart and eventually create their destruction. Byron is far more interested in the female protagonists of Don Juan rather than the typical egotistic jealous husband. Neither portrait of Donna Inez nor Donna Julia is flattering. Byron characterizes Donna Inez as malicious, in which others assumed Byron was personally attacking his estranged wife. Donna Inez is an intolerant and reserved wife; where as Donna Julia is a portrait of women as naive and deceiving. Ã¢â¬Å"Don JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s character logical decline is chronologicallyÃ¢â¬ (Utterback, 629) characterized by his doomed romantic relationships. Unlike earlier figures, ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s hero is so irresistibly attractive to women that they seduce him rather than vice versa (Utterback, 629). Ã¢â¬ËJuan nearly diedÃ¢â¬â¢ (Byron. I. 68) from affairs with Julia and Haidee: the passionate Julia is sentenced to life-in-death in a convent; Haidees nurturing of Juan is coupled with shadows of death, and she herself dies. Despite these women being a driven force in their own liberation, they were also a force to their downfall. Ã¢â¬ Byron more than hints that the reason Donna Inez was prompt to se parate Juan and Julia, when the fact that they were falling in love became obvious, was that Inez, now a widow, had once been courted by JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s husband, Don Alfonso, and that she was consequently jealous of Julia and wanted to destroy her reputation and even her marriageÃ¢â¬ (Boyd, 65). Inez has internalized the feminine ideal of morality and obedience where as she then transforms into the moralizing mother, a tool for institutional authority. The role that women play in this male struggle for dominance is not completely verbalized; rather the power is implied by charming juxtapositions. Ã¢â¬Å"Don Juan reveals to us a dying orderÃ¢â¬ (Johnson, 140), an order in which men are dominant and the aggressor to a Chatman 6 Patriarchal society. It appears as though Byron wants a heroine, for the presence of a woman seems necessary for JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s self-completion. Morality does not play a significant role in Don Juan, Ã¢â¬Å"ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s view in contrast, is realistic, ironic, and tolerant, aware of human vices and still more of human weaknesses, but accepting them with amused resignation as simply what one must except from such a creature as manÃ¢â¬ (Lauber, 614). The clear message of the poem for women, is individualism, how to not lose one self in the passions and the lust of the flesh. Although Don JuanÃ¢â¬â¢s individuality is not the focus of the poem, he is able to navigate his way in the world through the influence of women. All the male characters of the poem have lost their masculine competence to overpower women. Women are viewed as feminists whom took control of their life with no regrets, even if the sacrifice was their freedom and happiness. The masculine code of chivalry is masked with female independence and free thinking. The roles of women became central in reforming the archaic way of thinking in society. The doors of sexual rebellion of traditional sexual morality were thrown open in Don Juan by Donna Julia. Throughout Don Juan, Ã¢â¬Å"sexual politicsÃ¢â¬ is the matter at hand, how women with hold affection, seduce, and manipulate men to satisfy their own self fish needs. All marriages depicted in the poem are unhealthy and end in tragedy, thus depicting marriage as destructive. Ã¢â¬Å"ByronÃ¢â¬â¢s Canto I take on sentimental heroines in its portraits of Inez and JuliaÃ¢â¬ (Franklin, 123). The women in Don Juan are seen as opportunists, taking advantage of every possible prospect to obtain some type of tranquility. The female appetite was said to not exist and ignored due to Chatman 7 Contemporary times, Don Juan irrevocably unlocks the restricted dialogue that has for so many years been silenced.
Posted by Emma Cary at 4:36 PM